Pdf urbanization and its effects on the environment and. Urbanization impacts the environment through the strain of resources, including food, water, energy and the land itself, which increases as the population within the urban area increases. Urbanization causes and impacts national geographic. Lack of sanitation slums and its consequences of overcrowding urbanization is encouraged socially and culturally through the media waste are a major problem in large cities. Analysis of impact of urbanization on environmental quality in china. Furthermore, urban areas change precipitation patterns at scales of hundreds of. Urbanisation has just as much impact on social processes as it does on economic and environmental processes. As stated above, most people move to the cities from the rural areas in the hope of better jobs. This study presents a quantitative assessment of the environmental consequences of urbanization in general and city bigness in particular in the.
Now, pressing issue that arises is that in most cases, the urban areas cannot supply as many job openings as required, which results in many unemployed urbanites. As a developing country with great regional disparities, chinas rapid urbanization has had important impacts on environmental quality. Societal organisations are transformed, demographic structures, the family role, the way an individual works and the nature of that work, whom we choose to live with and and the way we choose to live are all affected by an urban environment. In rapidly urbanizing areas, agriculture intensifies on remaining undeveloped land and is likely to expand to new areas, putting pressure on land resources jiang et al. Due to uncontrolled urbanization in india, environmental degradation has. By 2050, some 70 percent of humanity will live in the cities and that is good news for the environment. Ii urbanization and its consequences xizhe peng, xiangming chen, and yuan cheng encyclopedia of life support systems eolss stronger future impact, it is not monolithic or unidimensional. Due to uncontrolled urbanization in india, environmental degradation has been occurring very rapidly and. Urbanization and effect of urbanization on us and environment. Title study on impact of urbanization and rapid urban.
Urbanization, environment, urban development, environmental effects, sustainable. Pdf impacts of urbanisation on environment researchgate. Urbanization, a process that leads to the growth of cities, has drastically changed the characteristics of previously natural areas, causing environmental impacts such as air pollution, biodiversity loss and climate change munzi et al. On the contrary, urbanization carries several important dimensions that collectively and individually. Urban development can magnify the risk of environmental hazards such as flash flooding. Pdf urbanization and its effects on the environment and society. It is confusing when people use urbanisation to refer instead to urban population growth.
Positive and negative effects of urbanization essay and. Urbanization, economic development and environmental. Phd research proposal environment topic sustainable urbanization in ghana. In this research, the effects of urbanization and urban development on the environment, namely air and water pollution, and also on the society has been studied regarding principles of sustainable. Urbanization and its effects on industrial pollutant emissions mdpi.
Some impact or effect of urbanization is given below crime is the worst impact of urbanization. More worrisome is the view that african urbanization may in fact. The main purpose of this thesis is to 1 study the impacts of urbanization on. Impact of urbanization on environment research trend. Pollution and physical barriers to root growth promote loss of urban tree cover. Urbanization happens because of the increase in the extent and density of urban areas. The environmental impacts of urban expansion reach far beyond urban areas themselves. A case study of urbanization in india has been carried out leading to conclude on the existing causes of damage to the environment due to urbanization. Economic growth affects environment quality through changes in economic scale, technology and structure 5.179 57 740 1609 318 665 93 1117 1402 726 1507 1261 706 1275 692 723 215 70 762 1111 1275 708 435 652 760 677 178 86 208